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Past Continuous

 

Past Continuous

 

 

We use the Past Continuous to talk about actions or situations that lasted for some time in the past

 

I was listening news

I was doing my work

 

The Past Continuous is often used when one action in progress is interrupted by another action in the past.

 

I was eating when the telephone rang

When I was travelling ,it started raining

 

We also use this tense to talk about two or more activities happening at the same

 

I was washing my clothes and Ajay was eating pizza

We were having the lunch and talking

 

Remember that you can also express irritation over somebody or something in the past.

 

He was always coming late in the office.

 

 

Rules:-

 

 

Affirmative Sentences:-


 

If Subject is First Person (Plural Or Singular) ( I , We)

Sub + was/were + verb+ ing + object

 I was going to London

 We were doing our study

 

If Subject is third Person (Plural Or Singular) (He,She,It,They)

Sub + was /were + verb + ing + object

He was eating

They were sleeping

 

Negative Sentences:-

 

If Subject is First Person (Plural Or Singular) ( I , We )

Sub + was/were + not + verb + ing + object

I was not doing anything

We were not eating food

 

 

 

 

If Subject is third Person (Plural Or Singular) (He,She,It,They)

Sub + was/were + not + verb + ing + object

He was not going to London

They were not doing job

 

 

Interrogative Sentence:-


If Subject is First Person (Plural Or Singular) ( I , We )

Was/were + sub + verb + ing + object

Was I going to London?

Were they studying CCNA?

 

If Subject is third Person (Plural Or Singular) (He,She,It,They)

Was /were + sub+ verb +ing + object

Was he taking tea?

Were they installing software?

 

 

 

 

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Simple Past Tense or Past Indefinite Tense

Simple Past Tense or Past Indefinite Tense

 

We use the simple past tense to describe an action that occurred in the past or at a specified time 

 

I bought a laptop last week

I saw a movie yesterday

 

We use the Simple Past to list a series of completed actions in the past

 

I finished work, walked to the beach, and found a nice place to swim.

I  reached office , met with manager and started to work on our project

 

The Simple Past can be used with a duration which starts and stops in the past

 

I lived in London for 2 years

We waited for one hour

 

The Simple Past can also be used to describe a habit which stopped in the past.

 

I studied urdu when i was in pakistan

He worked at the restaurant after school

 

The Simple Past can also be used to describe past facts or generalizations which are no longer true

 

He was very naughty  in his childhood

He liked tomatoes before

 

 

 

 

 

Rules:        

 

Affirmative Sentences:-


 

If Subject is First Person (Plural Or Singular) ( I , We)

Sub + verb(2nd form of verb) + object

 I completed my work

 We ate pizza last night

 

If Subject is third Person (Plural Or Singular) (He,She,It,They)

Sub + verb (2nd form of verb) + object

He went to the market

They came back after one hour

 

Negative Sentences:-

 

If Subject is First Person (Plural Or Singular) ( I , We )

Sub + did not + verb (1st form of verb) + object

I did not go there

We did not eat anything  

 

If Subject is third Person (Plural Or Singular) (He,She,It,They)

Sub + did not + verb (1st form of verb) + object

He did not ask any question

She did not recognize me

 

 

Interrogative Sentence:-


If Subject is First Person (Plural Or Singular) ( I , We )

Did + sub + verb (1st form of verb) + object

Did I say anything?

Did we go there?

 

If Subject is third Person (Plural Or Singular) (He,She,It,They)

Did + sub + verb (1st form of verb) + object

Did he complete his work?

Did they come?

 

 

 

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Present Perfect Continuous

Present Perfect Continuous

 

We use the Present Perfect Continuous to show that something started in the past and continues in the present.

 

He has been studying for 5 hours

I have been working as an Engineer since 2010

 

We use this tense also to talk about actions that began in the past and have recently stopped.

 

I have been waiting for you for half an hour

 

We use this tense when an action or situation is temporary.

 

I have been living in London for two months.

I have been working as a Network Engineer for last few weeks

 

 

 

For and Since

 

Since and for are very common time expressions used with the Present Perfect Continuous.

 

We use for with a period of time, for example:

 

I have been living here for 20 years.

 

 

When talking about a starting point, we use since, for example:

 

I have been living here since 1960.

 

 

 

 

Rules:

 

Affirmative Sentences:-


 

If Subject is First Person (Plural Or Singular) ( I , We)

Sub + have +been verb +ing+ object

 I have been doing this work for 5 hours

 We have been studying since morning

 

If Subject is third Person (Plural Or Singular) (He,She,It,They)

Sub + has +been+ ing + object

He has  been working for 1 year

She has  been doing something since morning

 

Negative Sentences:-

 

If Subject is First Person (Plural Or Singular) ( I , We )

Sub + have + not + been + verb +ing+ object

I have not been waiting since morning

We have not been stopping for 2 hours

 

 

If Subject is third Person (Plural Or Singular) (He,She,It,They)

Sub + has + not +been +verb +ing + object

He has not been watching T.V for 2 hours

She has not been playing since morning

 

 

Interrogative Sentence:-


If Subject is First Person (Plural Or Singular) ( I , We )

Have + sub + been +verb + ing + object

Have you been playing for 2 hours?

Have you studying since morning?

 

If Subject is third Person (Plural Or Singular) (He,She,It,They)

Has + sub + been + verb + ing + object

Has she been cooking for 1 hour?

Has he been doing his work since morning?

 

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Present Perfect Tense

Present Perfect Tense

 

We use Present Perfect Tense to express an action that began in the past and continues in the present

 

Ramesh has been an English Teacher since 2010

He has not smoked for 3 years

We have lived here for 15 years

 

We use Present Perfect with adverbs such as ever, already, never, recently, always etc.

They have never been abroad

He has already received his birthday presents.

The child has never asked me such questions before.

Arvind has been very busy recently.

 

We use Present Perfect to express an action that happened at an indefinite time in the past(the exact time when it happened is not important)

They have watched this film

She has lost her keys

I have read this book

We have moved into a new house

 

We use Present Perfect to talk about a repeated action in the past with unspecified time of completion.

I have written many letters since I moved to Canada

He has been in Mumbai many times

I have played tennis every Sunday morning for the last 2 years

 

We use Present Perfect to talk about a very recently completed action


Sunita has just washed her hair

We have just finished our lunch

 

We often use Present Perfect after a superlative


This is one of the most beautiful country, she has ever visited

This is the most delicious food I have ever eaten

 

We also use Present Perfect with the expression


This is the first time, I have ever visited your website and I think it is awesome

It is the first time I have ever eaten South Indian food

 

Sometime Present Perfect is used to emphasize on the completion of the act in the time clause


You can go out as soon as you have finished your work

I will go to bed after I have written my report

 

 

Rules:-

 

Affirmative Sentences:-
 

If Subject is First Person (Plural Or Singular) ( I , We)

Sub + have + verb + object

 I have done my work

 We have installed the software

 

If Subject is third Person ( Plural Or Singular) (He,She,It,They)

Sub + has + verb + object

He has not come yet

She has gone to London

 

Negative Sentences:-

 

If Subject is First Person (Plural Or Singular) ( I , We )

Sub + have + not + verb + object

I have not reached on time

We have not finished our task

 

If Subject is third Person (Plural Or Singular) (He,She,It,They)

Sub + has + not  + verb + object

He has not arrived

She has not completed her task

 

 

Interrogative Sentence:-


If Subject is First Person (Plural Or Singular) ( I , We)

Have + sub + Verb + object

Have we done this?

Have I reached office?

 

If Subject is third Person (Plural Or Singular) (He,She,It,They)

Has + sub + verb + object

Has she cooked food?

Has he gone there?

 

 

 

 

 

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Present Continuous Tense or Present Progressive Tense

 

Present Continuous Tense or Present Progressive Tense

 

We most often use the Present Continuous Tense when we talk about something which is happening at the time of speaking

Rajesh is sleeping in the bedroom

The telephone is ringing

I am waiting for my friend in the front of Shiv Cyber Cafe.

 

Present Continuous is also used when we talk about something which is happening at present, but  not necessarily at the moment of speaking

I am reading an interesting book

I am looking for a job

We are studying English

 

We can use Present Continuous, when we talk about temporary actions taking place only for a period of time

My brother is working hard today

They are spending this week in Mumbai

He is teaching English this semester

I am living with my parents at this moment.

 

Present Continuous is also used to express current trends

Fuel prices are rising constantly because of strong demand.

Online shopping is growing rapidly now a day

 

We can use Present Continuous, when we talk about repeated actions which are irritating to the speaker

He is always complaining

Ajay is also getting into trouble in school

 

Sometimes we use the Present Continuous to describe a planned action in near future

I am leaving for Mumbai tomorrow morning

We are having lunch at 12.30 o’clock



Rules:-


Affirmative or Positive Sentences:-

Sub +/am/are + verb +ing +object (If subjects are I ,We,You,They)


 I am going to London 

They are coming here

 

Sub +is+verb+ing +object (If subjects are He,She,it)

He is going to office

It is raining



Negative Sentences:-

Sub +/am/are+ not + verb +ing +object (If subjects are I ,We,You,They)


I am not going to school


They are not coming here.


Sub + is+not + verb +ing +object  (If subjects are He,she ,it)

He is not going to Lahore

She is not coming here..




Interrogative Sentences:-

Am/are +subject+verb+ing+object (If subjects are I,We, You and They)

Are you going to office?

Am I going to school?


Is+Sub+verb+ing+object  (If subjects are He,she ,it)

Is she coming late?

Is it raining?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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