Pardeep

Present Perfect Tense

 

We use Present Perfect Tense to express an action that began in the past and continues in the present

 

Ramesh has been an English Teacher since 2010

He has not smoked for 3 years

We have lived here for 15 years

 

We use Present Perfect with adverbs such as ever, already, never, recently, always etc.

They have never been abroad

He has already received his birthday presents.

The child has never asked me such questions before.

Arvind has been very busy recently.

 

We use Present Perfect to express an action that happened at an indefinite time in the past(the exact time when it happened is not important)

They have watched this film

She has lost her keys

I have read this book

We have moved into a new house

 

We use Present Perfect to talk about a repeated action in the past with unspecified time of completion.

I have written many letters since I moved to Canada

He has been in Mumbai many times

I have played tennis every Sunday morning for the last 2 years

 

We use Present Perfect to talk about a very recently completed action


Sunita has just washed her hair

We have just finished our lunch

 

We often use Present Perfect after a superlative


This is one of the most beautiful country, she has ever visited

This is the most delicious food I have ever eaten

 

We also use Present Perfect with the expression


This is the first time, I have ever visited your website and I think it is awesome

It is the first time I have ever eaten South Indian food

 

Sometime Present Perfect is used to emphasize on the completion of the act in the time clause


You can go out as soon as you have finished your work

I will go to bed after I have written my report

 

 

Rules:-

 

Affirmative Sentences:-
 

If Subject is First Person (Plural Or Singular) ( I , We)

Sub + have + verb + object

 I have done my work

 We have installed the software

 

If Subject is third Person ( Plural Or Singular) (He,She,It,They)

Sub + has + verb + object

He has not come yet

She has gone to London

 

Negative Sentences:-

 

If Subject is First Person (Plural Or Singular) ( I , We )

Sub + have + not + verb + object

I have not reached on time

We have not finished our task

 

If Subject is third Person (Plural Or Singular) (He,She,It,They)

Sub + has + not  + verb + object

He has not arrived

She has not completed her task

 

 

Interrogative Sentence:-


If Subject is First Person (Plural Or Singular) ( I , We)

Have + sub + Verb + object

Have we done this?

Have I reached office?

 

If Subject is third Person (Plural Or Singular) (He,She,It,They)

Has + sub + verb + object

Has she cooked food?

Has he gone there?

 

 

 

 

 

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